26 May

Nicaragua: León to Granada

First impressions of Nicaragua, driving to León from the border are that it is more arid than the lush El Salvador we left behind. More cattle grazing in wide open spaces. More farming, oxen plowing and trotting their owners in carts down main street. Bicycles. Lots and lots of bicycles as a means of transportation. Kids of various ages are all in school uniforms. From teenagers to cute little ones with reading glasses. It’s quite uplifting to see.

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Arrival in León and the air is hot hot hot. 85F/29C at 8am and highs of 99F/37C expected. Only about 60% humidity. We live and die by the fans. One of the first nights, Travis made an amateur mistake by choosing to make a hot stew for supper. As we sat down to the table with the family we are staying with and the two longer-term American students living upstairs, we are the only two visibly dripping with sweat as we sit unmoving, eating our hot stew! I can’t remember what everyone else was eating, but I know steam wasn’t rising from it!

León has several large and highly-regarded Universities. The Parque Centrale is close to campus and you can see the impact the students have on the population. Cafés are full of studious-looking 20 somethings, and there are many bars to choose from when the sun goes down. Our hosts, the Tellez family have a daughter in Architecture at a private university, where the family pays $150USD/month for tuition, plus extra for books, etc. Their son is going into Medicine at the free (state-funded), public University that has about 15,000 students.

Below, a mural depicting a massacre of civilians that says “Por La Libertad Hemos Luchado y Hoy Juramos Defenderla”, which means “For Liberty We Have Fought & Today We Promise to Defend It”.IMG_2684

Nicaragua is yet another Central American country with a messy history that has been heavily influenced (in a bad way) by US involvement. A super-summarized version of the country’s 20th century history is that US Marines occupied Nicaragua from 1912 to 1933, then power was handed over to a string of dictators that lasted until 1979. A revolution ensued in the 80’s where the Sandinistas took power; their policies advocating social democracy and a mixed economy. At the same time, there was a group of rebels in Nicaragua called the Contras, who opposed the new Sandinista government. Despite the fact that the Sandinista revolution was cemented with a democratic election, the US proceeded to support the Contra rebels big time with weapons, food, and training. The Contras were real baddies and loved to destroy hospitals and schools. They committed widespread kidnappings, murder, and rape. Thankfully, democracy persevered, US funding stopped and things have been relatively stable and peaceful since 1990.

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After three nights indoors, we thrust ourselves out camping for the next few. Parque Nacional Volcan Masaya hosts two volcano peaks, side by side. Volcan Masaya itself is inactive, the crater filled in with various shades of green vegetation. The active crater of neighboring Volcan Nindiri can be seen below on the left by a puff of white smoke.PANO_20150511_102614
Walking the peaceful trail along the inactive crater ridge.IMG_2725
But over at the other peak…IMG_2773_PANO_20150511_102809IMG_2763_a
The Santiago crater of Volcan Nindiri is highly active, as you can see, last erupting ash and steam in 2008. They tell you not to spend too long by the edge, but there’s no one policing this. The gases are thick with toxic sulfur dioxide, irritating your throat and lungs when the wind turns. OSHA would not approve of this operation. You pick your trails carefully and scurry like a Travis-crab when you think the wind is about to turn. Amazingly, there is a huge colony of parrots that nest in the active crater. They lay 2-4 eggs in the walls and after about 3 months, leave their toxic home for the first time. You can hear them squawking up at the crater in the early morning and when they settle in for the night.

Our camping spot for the night at the base of the volcano.IMG_2737

What looks like a large hive over Amanda’s left shoulder is really a bird’s nest made from mud and twigs. We must have parked too close because I don’t think the birds came back that night. Strange new birds, and strange new bugs! We are starting to notice more drastic changes in flora and fauna as we approach the biodiverse mecca that is Costa Rica.

Our next camp spot is literally, a 20 minute drive away. Laguna de Apoyo is a large crater lake that you descend into and the rest of the world disappears.IMG_2774_a
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Hostel Paradiso has a pretty great set-up for tent camping or parking in their lot. The air is hot with a forgiving breeze, the drinks are cheap and the cats are plentiful.

Next stop is the colonial city of Granada that was founded by the Spanish in 1524. Unlike Antigua in Guatemala, which has had most of it’s wonderful old buildings destroyed or crippled by constant earthquakes, a lot of the historic buildings in Granada have been preserved for our viewing pleasure. Hurray!

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Like León, it was fairly hot in Granada and even though we were in the city, the mosquitoes were back with a vengeance. Having a fan and mosquito net in our room was essential. We also had the pleasure of experiencing our first electrical blackout in Nicaragua. Little did we know, the first of many to come!

A chef’s duty never wanes: chopping onions by candlelight and headlamp.IMG_2850

Granada is at the north end of the massive Lago Nicaragua. There is a boardwalk where passenger ferries dock and a walkway along the lake with playgrounds for kids, but it all just seemed empty. Our Airbnb host advised us against swimming and upon arrival at the lakefront it became obvious. All of the waste from the city of Granada flows out to the lake, which makes the lakefront trash-ridden and unswimmable.

Next post will tell the story of how Bruno walks on water – yes, Bruno gets to ride a ferry – to the dual volcano island of Ometepe!!

  • Mark Guadagni

    Bob showed us this blog post at the end our machinery safety meeting today–definitely was the highlight of the meeting. Thanks for posting!

    • Amanda

      Hi Mark! Nice to hear from you 🙂 Tell Bob – thanks! Super awesome of him to share our blog with the group. I miss you guys! Stay safe and i’ll try to do the same.

  • Nancy

    Hi there! Loved that you had a chance to visit Nicaragua. It is a lovely hidden gem of a country. I do want to inform you that your civil history information is incorrect. There was no true election and the Sandanistas stole from the rich and gave to themselves. My own family owned many properties, land and cattle (all of which was hard earned and not given too), which was confiscated. My family was forced to flee to the states because of safety concerns. Please don’t always take what the lay people say about politics in Nicaragua. Thanks and congrats on reaching FI so early in life!

    • Travis

      Nancy, thank you for your insight! I have no doubt there were many injustices that occurred during the revolution. I’m not very informed on Nicaraguan history and my primary source of information was the wikipedia article. Your comment prompted me to double-check the history and apparently the 1984 elections were boycotted by some of the opposition parties, which would explain why you would say it was not a true election. At any rate, I hope your family did not suffer too much!

      • Nancy

        Thanks for your reply! Most people don’t know that Nicaragua was one of the most prosperous country’s in Central America, before the revolution. Many of the Sandinistas still are occupy property that was stolen. So many trees were cut down, precious woods, to sell, only to be replaced by beans on the properties that were taken. The “socialist” Ortega has so graciously decided that he wanted to run (and win) a third term even though the constitution allows only two. It’s all very interesting to say the least. My parents have since moved back and I travel with my husband and my kids every Christmas. It really is a great country and I am glad to read that you enjoyed it!